Czech Republic Essentials

Country name Czech Republic
Population 11.3 million
Capital Prague, population 1.2 million
Czech flag Red, white, blue
Land area 78,866 sq km (30,450 sq mi)
Geographical location Central Europe latitude 49-51 degrees N and longitude 12-19 degrees E
Neighboring countries Poland, Germany, Austria and Slovakia
Official language Czech
Government Parliamentary democracy with president as the head of state and prime minister as the head of government
European Union member Yes, since 2004
Currency Czech Crown (CZK)
Euro currency in use No, though accepted in some stores
Voltage 230 Volts/50Hz
Time zone GMT +1, Daylight Savings Time observed
Climate Temperate, Four seasons
Ethnic composition Czech-94 % (Bohemians, Moravians, Silesians), Slovak-3%, Rom-1,3%, Polish-0,6%, German-0,5 %, others-0,6 %
Religions Roman Catholic-39,2%, Protestants churches-4,1%, atheists and non-believers-39,7%, others-17%
Country calling code +420 (or 00420)
Public holidays January 1, May 1, May 8, July 5, July 6, September 28, October 28, November 17, December 24–26
Safety Low rate of violent crime, high rate of pickpocketing and car theft